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Tiếng Anh 11 Unit 1: The Generation Gap I. Từ vựng Tiếng Anh lớp 11 Unit 1 A. VOCABULARY II. Ngữ pháp Tiếng Anh lớp 11 Unit 1 B. GRAMMAR
Tiếng Anh 11 Unit 1: The Generation Gap
I. Từ vựng Tiếng Anh lớp 11 Unit 1
II. Ngữ pháp Tiếng Anh lớp 11 Unit 1
I. MODAL VERBS (ĐỘNG TỪ KHUYẾT THIẾU)
– Cách sử dụng
Động từ khuyết thiếu được dùng để nêu lên khả năng thực hiện hành động, sự bắt buộc, khả năng xảy ra của sự việc, v.v.
– Dạng khẳng định: S + must + V
Must: Diễn tả sự cần thiết hay bắt buộc mang tính chủ quan (do người nói quyết định)
Ví dụ: I must finish the exercises. (Tôi phải hoàn thành bài tập.)
(Tình huống: I’m going to have a party. (Tôi có ý định đi dự tiệc.))
II. INFFINITIVE WITH/ WITHOUT “TO”
1. Động từ nguyên mẫu có to (Infinitive with to)
Động từ nguyên mẫu có to được dùng làm:
* Chủ ngữ (subjects):
Ví dụ: To swim is good for our health.
Lưu ý: Trong tiếng Anh hiện đại, cấu trúc với chủ ngữ giả it thường được dùng hơn.
* Tân ngữ: (Object)
– Tân ngữ trực tiếp cho các từ
Ví dụ: We decided to have a baby.
* To-infinitive cũng được dùng sau các cụm từ:
Ví dụ: I’ve made up my mind to be a teacher.
* Sử dụng sau tính từ: I’m curious to know what he said.
* Dùng sau các nghi vấn từ trong lời nói gián tiếp (ngoại trừ why).
Ví dụ: I do not know what to do.
* Bổ ngữ:
– Bổ ngữ cho chủ ngữ (subjective complements)
Ví dụ: What you have to do is to work harder.
– Bổ ngữ cho tân ngữ (Objective complements)
Ví dụ: My mother wants me to become a doctor.
* Đứng sau các động từ sau để bổ nghĩa cho tân ngữ
Ví dụ: They urge me to go faster.
III. Bài tập Tiếng Anh lớp 11 Unit 1
I. Phonetics and Speaking
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the word that differs from the other three in the position of the primary stress in each of the following questions.
Question 1. A. access B. afford C. brochure D. casual
Question 2. A. behaviour B. determined C. counselor D. decisive
Question 3. A. donate B. compare C. campaign D. flashy
Question 4. A. experience B. mobility C. independent D. prioritise
Question 5. A. romantic B. solution C. protective D. elegant
Question 6. A. legal B. obey C. forbid D. impose
Question 7. A. constitution B. disrespectful C. sympathetic D. elongated
Question 8. A. generational B. interpersonal C. discrimination D. nationality
Question 9. A. studious B. unite C. mature D. involve
Question 10. A. frustrating B. charity C. impairment D. infectious
Question 11. A. opponent B. horizon C. synchronized D. canoe
Question 12. A. applicant B. acacia C. eternal D. outstanding
Question 14. A. automatic B. appciation C. information D. independent
Question 15. A. mechanism B. minority C. eradicate D. alternative
II. Vocabulary and Grammar
Bài 1. Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions.
A. relaxation B. disapproval C. perception
A. experienced B. fashionable C. conservative
A. objection B. responsible C. multi-generational
A. privacy B. relaxation C. rudeness
A. disrespect B. outweigh C. work out
A. should B. have to
C. ought to D. Must
A. must B. have to
C. should D. ought to
A. should B. ought to not
C. ought not to D. mustn’t
A. shouldn’t B. mustn’t
C. don’t have to D. ought not to
A. must B. should
C. ought to D. Both B and C
Bài 2. Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.
Question 1. Despite being a kid, Tuan always helps his mother do every day.
A. homework B. works
C. housework D. house duties
Question 2. When I was a child, my mother used to teach me .
A. etiquette B. rule
C. problem D. norm
Question 3. Many parents find it hard to understand their children when they are .
A. adults B. elders
C. adolescents D. kids
Question 4. There’re many which are unavoidable when living in an extended family.
A. profits B. issues
C. views D. merits
Question 5. Mary has a strong desire to make decisions.
Bài 1. Choose the best anwers for the following questions.
It goes without saying that, however old their children are, parents still regard them as small kids and keep in mind that their offspring are too young to protect themselves cautiously or have wise choices. Therefore, they tend to make a great attempt to help their children to discover the outside world. Nevertheless, they forget that as children grow up, they want to be more independent and develop their own identity by creating their own opinions, thoughts, styles and values about life.
One common issue that drives conflicts is the clothes of teenagers. While teens are keen on wearing fashionable clothes which try to catch up with the youth trends, parents who value traditional clothes believe that those kinds of attire violate the rules and the norms of the society. It becomes worse when the expensive brand name clothes teens choose seem to be beyond the financial capacity of parents.
Another reason contributing to conflicts is the interest in choosing a career path or education between parents and teenagers. Young people are told that they have the world at their feet and that dazzling future opportunities are just waiting for them to seize. However, their parents try to impose their choices of university or career on them regardless of their children’s pference.
Indeed, conflicts between parents and children are the everlasting family phenomena. It seems that the best way to solve the matter is open communication to create mutual trust and understanding.
Question 1. Why do most parents still treat their teenage children like small kids?
A. Because children usually make mistakes
B. Because they think that children are too young to live independently.
C. Because they think that children can’t protect themselves well.
A. parents B. children C. mind
Question 3. What do parents usually do to help their children as they are young?
A. They ppare everything for their children.
B. They take care of their children carefully.
C. They encourage their children to explore the outside world.
Question 4. Which kinds of clothes do teenagers want to wear?
A. latest fashionable clothes
B. casual clothes
C. shiny trousers and tight tops
Question 5. According to the passage, what are parents’ viewpoints about the teenagers’ clothes?
A. Teenagers’ clothes get the latest teen fashion trends.
B. Teenagers’ clothes are too short and ripped.
C. Teenagers’ clothes are contrary to the accepted standards and values of the society.
Question 6. Why do teenagers want to choose their university or career?
A. They want to explore the world on their own.
B. They want to decide their future by themselves.
C. Both A and B are correct.
A. catch B. choose C. find
Bài 2. Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions.
In American, although most men still do less housework than their wives, that gap has been halved since the 1960s. Today, 41 per cent of couples say they share childcare equally, compared with 25 percent in 1985. Men’s greater involvement at home is good for their relationships with their spouses, and also good for their children. Hands-on fathers make better parents than men who let their wives do all the nurturing and childcare. They raise sons who are more expssive and daughters who are more likely to do well in school – especially in math and science.
In 1900, life expectancy in the United States was 47 years, and only four per cent of the population was 65 or older. Today, life expectancy is 76 years, and by 2025, it is estimated about 20 per cent of the U.S. population will be 65 or older. For the first time, a generation of adults must plan for the needs of both their parents and their children. Most Americans are responding with remarkable grace. One in four households gives the equivalent of a full day a week or more in unpaid care to an aging relative, and more than half say they expect to do so in the next 10 years. Older people are less likely to be impoverished or incapacitated by illness than in the past, and have more opportunity to develop a relationship with their grandchildren.
Even some of the choices that worry people the most are turning out to be manageable. Divorce rates are likely to remain high, and in many cases marital breakdown causes serious problems for both adults and kids. Yet when parents minimize conflict, family bonds can be maintained. And many families are doing this. More non-custodial parents are staying in touch with their children. Child-support receipts are rising. A lower proportion of children from porced families are exhibiting problems than in earlier decades. And stepfamilies are learning to maximize children’s access to supportive adults rather than cutting them off from one side of the family.
Question 1. Which of the following can be the most suitable heading for paragraph 1?
A. Men’s involvement at home
B. Benefits of men’s involvement at home
C. Drawbacks of men’s involvement at home
D. Children studying math and science
A. 50% B. 41%
C. 25% D. 20%
A. are experiencing a shorter life expectancy
B. receive less care from their children than they used to
C. have better relationships with their children and grandchildren
D. may live in worst living conditions
Question 4. Which of the following is NOT true about porce rates in the USA?
A. They will still be high.
B. They can cause problems for both parents and children.
C. More problems are caused by children from porced families.
D. Children are encouraged to meet their separate parents.
A. comparable B. opposed
C. dissimilar D . constrasting
A. difficult B. challenging
C. demanding D. easy
A. getting porced
B. minimizing conflict
C. causing problems to kids
D. maintaining bonds
A. positive B. negative
C. unchanged D. unpdictable
Bài 1. Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the sentence that is closest in meaning to each of the following questions.
Question 1. Nobody in the class is as tall as Mike.
A. Everybody in the class is taller than Mike.
B. Somebody in the class may be shorter than Mike.
C. Mike is the tallest student in the class.
D. Mike may be taller than most students in the class.
Question 2. I haven’t got enough money to buy a new car.
A. I need more money to buy a new car.
B. I don’t want to spend more money on a new car.
C. A new car is not something I really need.
D. Money is not the most essential issue to buy a new car.
Question 3. I am really keen on playing sports.
A. I am a big fan of sports.
B. Playing sports makes me sick.
C. I am not really into sports.
D. I can’t stand sports.
Question 4. “I will come back home soon,” he said.
B. He offered to come back home soon.
C. He promised to come back home soon.
D. He suggested that he should come back home soon.
Question 5. He pvented his close friend from telling the truth.
A. He forbade his close friend to tell the truth.
B. He allowed his close friend to tell the truth.
C. He ordered his close friend to tell the truth.
D. He paid his close friend to tell the truth.
Bài 2. Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following questions.
Question 6. My brother speaks too loud. It is really annoying.
A. My brother is speaking too loud.
B. My brother likes to speak too loud.
C. My brother feels annoyed when he can’t speak too loud.
D. My brother is always speaking too loud.
Question 7. There is always conflict between parents and children. However, they still should talk and share things with each other.
A. Although there is always conflict between parents and children, they still should talk and share things with each other.
B. There is always conflict between parents and children, so they still should talk and share things with each other.
C. Unless there is always conflict between parents and children, they still should talk and share things with each other.
D. Not only there is always conflict between parents and children, but they still should talk and share things with each other.
Question 8. Your parents will help you with the problem. You should tell them the story.
A. Because your parents will help you with the problem, you should tell them the story.
B. Your parents will help you with the problem since you should tell them the story.
C. If your parents will help you with the problem, you should tell them the story.
D. Your parents will help you with the problem because you should tell them the story.
Question 9. Unemployment rate is high. This makes many children move back to their parents’ house.
A. Many children move back to their parents’ house, which makes high unemployment rate.
B. High unemployment rate forces many children to move back to their parents’ house.
C. Moving back to their parents’ house suggests that the unemployment rate is high.
D. It is necessary to move back to your parents’ house if unemployment rate is high.
Question 10. She is an honest person. She is also a very friendly one.
A. She is an honest but friendly person.
B. She is not only an honest but also a very friendly person.
C. Though she is a honest person, she is friendly.
D. Being honest is necessary to become friendly.
Question 11. “I have never been to Russia. I think I shall go there next year.” said Bill.
A. Bill said that he had never been to Russia and he thought he would go there the next year.
B. Bill said that he would have never been to Russia and he thinks he would go there the next year.
C. Bill said that he had never been to Russia and he thinks he will go there the next year.
D. Bill said that he has never been to Russia and he thinks he would go there the next year.
Question 12. People believed that Jane retired because of her poor health.
A. Jane is believed to have retired because of her poor health.
B. Jane was believed to have retired because of her poor health.
C. It is believed that Jane retired because of her poor health.
D. Jane retired because of her poor health was believed.
Question 13. The government knows the extent of the problem. The government needs to take action soon.
A. The government knows the extent of the problem whereas it needs to take action soon.
B. The government knows the extent of the problem so that it needs to take action soon.
C. Knowing the extent of the problem, the government needs to take action soon.
D. The government knows the extent of the problem, or else it needs to take action soon.
Question 14. The substance is very toxic. Protective clothing must be worn at all times.
A. Since the substance is very toxic, so protective clothing must be worn at all times.
B. So toxic is the substance that protective clothing must be worn at all times.
C. The substance is such toxic that protective clothing must be worn at all times.
D. The substance is too toxic to wear protective clothing at all times.
Question 15. John is studying hard. He doesn’t want to fail the exam.
A. John is studying hard in Oder not to fail the next exam
B. John is studying hard in Oder that he not fail the next exam
C. John is studying hard so as to fail the next exam
D. John is studying hard in Oder to not to fail the next exam
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