Đề Xuất 5/2022 # Ielts Vocabulary: Từ Vựng Ielts Chủ Đề Family (Gia Đình) # Top Like

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  • 1. Types of Family – Các loại Gia đình

    family – a group of people who are related to each other: gia đình

    Ví dụ: Mohit was very nervous when he met his girlfriend’s family for the first time.

    immediate family – your closest relations, such as your parents, children, husband or wife: gia đình ruột thịt (bao gồm ba, mẹ & anh chị em ruột)

    Ví dụ: My immediate family are my dad, mum and two sisters.

    nuclear family – parents and their children: gia đình hạt nhân (gồm có bố mẹ và con cái)

    Ví dụ: The average nuclear family in the US is made up of parents and two children.

    extended family – a family unit that includes grandmothers, grandfathers, aunts, and uncles, etc. in addition to parents and children: gia đình mở rộng (bao gồm ông bà, cô chú bác, cậu, mợ… )

    Ví dụ: I have a large extended family with many nieces, nephews and cousins.

    dysfunctional family – a family that is not behaving or working normally, where there is conflict, misbehaviour, etc.: gia đình không êm ấm (các thành viên trong gia đình không yêu thương nhau, hay tranh chấp, cãi vã…)

    Ví dụ: Cynthia came from a dysfunctional family and could often be seen wandering the street on her own when she was young.

    2. Family Members – Các thành viên trong gia đình

    to be related to – to belong to the same family as: có quan hệ họ hàng

    Ví dụ: I’m related to many people in my village as my family has lived here for generations.

    a relative – someone who is part of your family: người thân trong họ hàng

    Ví dụ: We are going to visit relatives who live on the coast for our holiday this year.

    blood relative – someone you are related to through birth rather than marriage: có quan hệ ruột thịt

    Ví dụ: Aunty Sylvia is my blood relative but Uncle George, her husband, is only related to me by marriage.

    – distant relative – generally, a relative who is a third cousin or greater, or a great aunt or uncle, especially when you have little or no involvement with him or her: họ hàng xa

    Ví dụ: A member of my family died last week but they were a distant relative and I didn’t know them very well.

    next of kin – the person or group of people you are most closely related to: thân nhân gần nhất

    Ví dụ: When you apply for a passport, you have to name your next of kin in case there is an emergency while you are away travelling.

    descendants – a person who is related to you and who lives after you, such as your child or grandchild, and all future generations: con cháu

    ancestors – family members from past generations: tổ tiên

    Ví dụ: I’m writing my autobiography so that my descendants will know what life was like for one of their ancestors.

    -household – all the people who live in one house: hộ gia đình

    Ví dụ: There are now only three people in my household as my older brother has gone away to university.

    3. Immediate family – Gia đình ruột thịt

    – father – a man in relation to his child or children: bố

    mother – a woman in relation to her child or children: mẹ

    – parent – father or mother: bố mẹ

    – husband – the male partner in a marriage; a married man: chồng

    – wife – the female partner in a marriage; a married woman: vợ

    – spouse – a husband or wife: vợ/chồng

    – son – a person’s boy child: con trai

    – daughter – a person’s girl child: con gái

    – big brother / older brother (or sister)older than you: anh trai (chị gái)

    – little sister / younger sister (or brother)younger than you: em gái (em trai)

    sibling – a brother or sister: anh chị em

    Ví dụ: I have three siblings, two brothers and a sister.

    – twin – either of two children born to the same mother on the same occasion: sinh đôi

    Ví dụ: My sister has just given birth to twins, a boy and a girl.

    – identical twins – twins who look exactly the same: cặp song sinh giống hệt nhau

    Ví dụ: I have an identical twin brother and even our parents find it difficult to tell us apart.

    – an only child – a child who doesn’t have any brothers or sisters: con một

    Ví dụ: It can be lonely being an only child as you don’t have siblings to play with.

    4. Extended family – Gia đình mở rộng

    -uncle – the brother of your mother or father: chú/bác

    – aunt – the sister of your mother or father: cô/dì

    – nephew – the male child of your brother or sister: cháu trai

    – niece – the female child of your brother or sister: cháu gái

    – cousin – a child of your uncle or aunt: anh chị em họ

    – grandparents – the parents of your parents: ông bà

    – grandfather – the father of your mother or father: ông

    – grandmother – the mother of your father or mother: bà

    – grandchildren – the children of your children: cháu

    – grandson – the son of your son or daughter: cháu trai

    – granddaughter – the daughter of your son or daughter: cháu gái

    5. In-laws – Gia đình thông gia

    – in-laws – the relatives of your husband or wife: gia đình thông gia

    Ví dụ: When we were first married, we couldn’t afford a place of our own so lived with the in-laws.

    – mother-in-law – mother of your spouse: mẹ chồng

    Ví dụ: Many people don’t get on with their mother-in-law but mine is really nice.

    – father-in-law – father of your spouse: bố chồng

    Ví dụ: My father-in-law offered me a job in the family business so he is also my boss.

    – son-in-law – the husband of your daughter: con rể

    Ví dụ: I didn’t like Amir when I first met him but he’s a great son-in-law and helps me out whenever I need it.

    – daughter-in-law – the wife of your son: con dâu

    Ví dụ: We are very happy that our son has decided to marry Zehra and look forward to her becoming our daughter-in-law.

    – brother-in-law – the husband of your sister: anh rể

    Ví dụ: My brother-in-law is lazy and not a very good husband to my sister.

    – sister-in-law – the wife of your brother: chị dâu

    Ví dụ: I often help my sister-in-law to look after my baby niece.

    6. Stepfamilies – Gia đình có cha hoặc mẹ kế

    – stepmother – the wife of your father, but not your biological mother: mẹ kế

    – stepfather – the husband of your mother, but not your biological father: cha dượng

    – stepson – the son of your new wife or husband, but not your biological son: con trai riêng của vợ hoặc chồng

    – stepdaughter – the daughter of your new wife or husband, but not your biological daughter: con gái riêng của vợ hoặc chồng

    – stepsister – the daughter of your stepmother or stepfather: con gái của mẹ kế/cha dượng

    – stepbrother – the son of your stepmother or stepfather: con trai của mẹ kế/cha dượng

    – half-brother – a brother you have only one parent in common with: anh (em) trai cùng cha khác mẹ/cùng mẹ khác cha

    – half-sister – a sister you have only one parent in common with: chị (em) gái cùng cha khác mẹ/cùng mẹ khác cha

    7. Parenting – Nuôi dạy con

    – motherhood – the state of being a mother: làm mẹ

    Ví dụ: I’d like to have children one day but I’m not ready for motherhood yet.

    – fatherhood – the state of being a father: làm cha

    Ví dụ: Sakda is taking the responsibilities of fatherhood seriously and now only goes out drinking with his friends once a month.

    – to start a family – to have children: có con

    Ví dụ: Billy and I are planning to start a family as soon as we get married.

    – to give birth – to have a baby: sinh con

    Ví dụ: It was a special moment in Cesar’s life when he saw his wife giving birth to their first child.

    – offspring – a person’s child or children: con cái

    Ví dụ: My two sisters are coming over later with their offspring so the house is going to be very noisy.

    – family man – a man who enjoys being at home with his wife and children: người đàn ông của gia đình

    Ví dụ: Deepak used to love partying but now that he has kids he’s become a real family man.

    Ví dụ: My husband and I enjoy doing lots of activities with our children and we all have a great family life together.

    – to raise (a child) – to take ​care of a child until they become an adult: nuôi một đứa trẻ

    Ví dụ: It’s a big responsibility raising children but I love being a parent.

    – to bring up (a child) – to raise a child: nuôi một đứa trẻ

    Ví dụ: When Jae-min’s husband died, she was left to bring up the children on her own.

    – upbringing – the way in which you are treated and educated when young, especially by your parents: sự nuôi dưỡng, dạy dỗ

    Ví dụ: I was fortunate to have a good upbringing but not all children have caring parents who look after them well and teach them the right way to behave.

    – to support (a family) – to have enough money to be able to look after a family: hỗ trợ gia đình

    Ví dụ: Egor earned very low wages and had to work two jobs to support his family.

    – breadwinner – the member of a family who earns most of the money that the family needs: trụ cột gia đình

    Ví dụ: In many countries, men are expected to be the breadwinner in a family.

    – dependant – someone who depends on you for financial support, such as a child or family member who does not work: người phụ thuộc

    Ví dụ: I’m working hard to get a promotion and earn more money now that I’m a husband and a father and have dependants who rely on me.

    – to adopt – to legally take another person’s child into your own family and take care of them as your own child: nhận nuôi

    Ví dụ: Paul and Siri were unable to have children of their own and decided to adopt a baby.

    – to foster – to take care of someone else’s child, usually for a limited time, without becoming the child’s legal parent: chăm sóc một đứa trẻ, thường trong một thời gian nhất định, mà không trở thành cha mẹ hợp pháp của con

    Ví dụ: Even though I’m an only child, I always had other boy’s and girl’s to play with when I was growing up as mum and dad often used to foster other children.

    – over-protective parents – a parent who protect their child too much: cha mẹ kiểm soát con quá đà

    Ví dụ: Overprotective parents can pvent their children from building confidence and independence.

    – spoilt child – a child who shows bad behaviour because they have been allowed to do or have anything they want: đứa trẻ hư

    Ví dụ: I don’t like playing with the girl next door because she’s a spoilt child and gets in a temper if I don’t let her win all the games.

    – single parent – a person bringing up a child or children without a partner: cha/mẹ đơn thân

    Ví dụ: My sister is a single parent now that her husband has left her.

    – stay at home parent / stay at home mum – a parent who stays at home to take care of their children rather than going out to work: cha/mẹ không đi làm mà ở nhà chăm con

    Ví dụ: These days, it’s far more usual for men to be a stay-at-home parent than when I was young when it was always the mother who looked after the kids.

    – to look after – to take care of: chăm sóc

    Ví dụ: I’m going to look after my daughter’s children on Saturday while she has a day out with her friends.

    – childcare – the care of children, especially by a crèche, nursery or childminder while parents are working: Chăm sóc trẻ em

    Ví dụ: Childcare is a big problem for many working parents and they are lucky if their own parents can help out.

    – strict – strongly limiting someone’s freedom to behave as they wish, or likely to severely punish someone if they do not obey: nghiêm khắc

    Ví dụ: My parents are very strict with me and I have to finish all my homework before I’m allowed to play or watch TV.

    – authoritarian – demanding that people obey completely and refusing to allow them the freedom to act as they wish: độc đoán

    Ví dụ: My father was very authoritarian when I was growing up and I was terrified of him.

    (Còn tiếp)

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